by Dave Arnold
When it comes to lime juice, freshest is bestâ€¦right?Â Not so fast!
At Tales of the Cocktail one of my co-speakers, Death and Co super-star bartender Thomas Waugh, and I got into an argument about lime juice. He insisted that juice made with a machine â€“specifically the Sunkist Juicer:
is inferior to juice pressed by hand using this:
When we finishedÂ bickering aboutÂ Â juicer meritsÂ I launched Â into my standardÂ anti-old-lime-juice tirade.Â Lime juice doesnâ€™t keep.Â I have spent years and thousands of dollarsÂ trying to achieveÂ good lime flavor thatÂ sticks around, butÂ neither I nor the corporations that have spentÂ way, way moreÂ have found a way to truly preserve fresh lime flavor.Â Iâ€™ve tasted the best that the flavor houses can muster â€“which are good, but not perfect.
After the seminar, a bartender approached me and said his bar hadÂ run someÂ tests,Â the results of which showed thatÂ they preferred theÂ taste of lime juice that was several hours old to fresher lime juice.Â I wish I could remember who heÂ was.Â His conclusions struck me as odd, and this Wednesday I decided to investigate further.
This week I was a guest speaker at the BAR program â€“the mega bartender classÂ by Dave Wondrich, Dale Degroff, Paul Pacult, Steve Olsen, et al.Â I was to speak to 55 people who had just gone through a rigorous spirits tasting program.Â I decided to do the lime juice test:
At 2pm we separated 1.5 cases of limes into 3 equal piles. I juiced 1 pile in the Sunkist juicer and 1 pile with the hand juicer.Â We were done by 2:15.Â We weighed the samples â€“the machine juicer yielded 26 ounces of juice, the hand juicer 21.5. I then put the juice in covered quart containers and left them out of the fridge.
At 6:15pm I juiced the third pile.Â We then made limeade by mixing the same amount of each lime juice with measured amounts of water and simple syrup.Â We served it in a blind tasting at 7pm.
The overwhelming favorite was the hand-squeezed lime juice that was 4 hours old. The distant second place was 4 hour old machine pressed juice.Â Almost no one chose the fresh hand squeezed juice.Â Before I revealed what the samples were, I asked those who chose the 4-hour hand-pressed juice to choose a second favorite.Â They all chose the 4-hour machine juice. I was flabbergasted, and so was the audience.
If these results are repeatable, hand-pressing makes better juice than machine-pressing (in a Sunkist), but the effect isnâ€™t as important as using slightly aged lime juice.Â Your drinks are probably tasting better at the end of your shift than at the beginning.
Age Your Juice? Some Comments:
I donâ€™t know why the 4 hour juice tasted better.Â Clearly we need to run more tests.Â What is the optimum aging time? Don’t knowÂ yet. Maybe the bartender I met at Tales will step up, reveal his identity, and give us his results.
SomeÂ tasters commented thatÂ that the aged juices not only tasted better, but had more of an acid bite.Â If this is true,Â making a well balanced pre-batched lime drink several hours before service will result in an unbalanced, overly acidic drink at service time.
Aged lime juice â€“while preferred in limeade, might not be the best for every drink application.Â Perhaps a margarita is best with aged juice and a non-cordial gimlet is best with fresh â€“or vice versa. More tests.
Lastly, if indeed the aged juice tastes more acidic (and I donâ€™t mean it actually has more acid â€“ie has a lower pH; these are just subjective taste impressions), maybe the fresh limeade would have won the taste test if we had added a couple extra ounces of it to the limeade.
The Sunkist Versus the Hand:
Why did the juice from the hand press beat out the Sunkist?Â There are several possibilities:
1. The oil extraction from the peels could be different in the two techniques.
2. The juice that comes out of the lime first might taste better than what comes out last â€“so the increased yield of the Sunkist would compromise flavor.
3.Â The spinning reamer of the Sunkist might be scraping some bitter stuff out of the pithy albedo.
Yet more tests (sigh).
As a juicer (not a machine, but a person who juices)â€”I like using both techniques. They both have a ZenÂ thing to them. I am a little depressed that the hand juicer won so overwhelmingly, because now I will never use the Sunkist unless yield or time is of utmost importance. Speaking of the time it takes to juice limes, most people are very slow using a hand juicer â€“two or three times slower than they are on a Sunkist.Â A good hand-juice ninja can easily beat a novice Sunkist user. A master of the Sunkist, however, can produce a rain of spent lime halves reminiscent of the Matrix, and a torrent of juice like a waterfall.
Of course, I like to juice things.Â I secretly believe that a personâ€™s worth is roughly proportional to how fast they can juice 3 cases of citrus. Maybe I’ll write a post about it.