posted by Nastassia Lopez
The cool thing about this job is that I get to sit in on the demos that Dave and Nils teach, eat delicious things, laugh a good majority of the time, and learn a hell of a lot about food tech. The second day with McGee was all about heat, the third day we learned new techniques and messed with flavors. There were a lot of awesome demos, but I’mÂ going to highlight some of the cooler nuggets of infoÂ that IÂ found interesting and applicable to the things I like to eat/cook.
Flipping Your Meat
When the steaks were “done” we ensured they were cooked to the same internal temperatureÂ by putting them in ziplock bags and circulating them forÂ 30 minutes inÂ 56 degree water.Â The class tasted. The ones that were flipped more frequently were more consistentlyÂ evenÂ throughout, with a nice well-done crust on the outside.Â The ones flipped only once had a larger proportion of overcooked parts and didn’t even have a better crust—surprising.
Ike Jime Taste Tests
On day one of the class,Â fish were killed with three different methods to determine the effects of slaughtering on taste and texture:
1. Western Killing: allow to suffocate in air for 30 minutes and whack over the head.
2. Ike-Jime (spinal chord destruction): sever the spinal chord, shove a needle up the spine and bleed out.
3. Anesthesia plus Ike Jime: knock the fish out with clove oil and then do ike-jime (for the full blow-by-blow seeÂ post here).
On days two and three we blind tasted the fish that were killed on day oneÂ both raw and cooked.Â Dave and Nils were aÂ tad worried about theÂ demo because they had never done ike jime on blackfish, and weren’t sure how long rigor mortis would last.Â Most fish shouldn’t be eaten super fresh—you should letÂ them go through rigor mortis.Â Â Different fish go through rigor at different rates so different fish should be stored for different amounts of time before you eat them.Â Â Sure enough, on day two of the class, 20 hours after the fish were killed, they were still in different states of rigor mortis.Â The results were going to be weird.
The WesternÂ fish was favored by the class in the first raw tasting. It had more of that familiar “fishy”Â flavor, the pink, unbled color we’re used to, and the texture was good.Â Â TheÂ fish that had been ike jimed without clove oil (after an unsuccessful escape from the demo table) was tough, overly-crunchyÂ and hadÂ minimal flavor.Â The fish that had been anesthesized and then ike jimed was fresh tasting, but had the least pleasant texture.Â Nils and Dave were dejected. A western-killed fish had never-ever won a taste test before.Â The house favorite—ike plus anesthesia, came in last!Â We hoped that it was justÂ too early to sample the ike jimed andÂ anesthetizedÂ blackfish becauseÂ they were still in rigor. The un-bled Western head-bashedÂ fish was at its prime. Rigor had set in earlier so his muscles softened and became limper faster than his other ike jimed buddies.
For the cooked tasting Dave and Nils cooked the threeÂ fishÂ in a circulator at 57 CÂ for 25 minutes, and no one liked one more than the other.Â Â The class could not make out aÂ real discernible differenceÂ between the three.Â Nils commented that the Ike Jime and anesthetized fish seized up significantly when they were cooking. Again a disappointment for Dave and Nils.Â We hoped to be vindicated on day three.
TheÂ third day weÂ ran the sameÂ blind testsÂ again 44 hours after the fish had been killed. Â The WesternÂ fish was still fishy, but lost the fresh flavor from the day before and turned a bit mealy. The ike jimed fish were both firm, but the one that had been anesthetized had more flavor and held the texture much better. WIN!
The real flavor difference came out in the cooked test.Â There was no comparison between the Western style and the Ike Jimed.Â The Western had become mushy and soft.Â The just Ike Jimed fish was good, but the texture was still tough. The anesthesized/Ike Jime fish had good flavor and the texture was firm but nice.Â For blackfish, we decided that it needed to rest a little longer than the fluke and sea bass to allow rigor to set in.Â We also realized (yet again) that sedating the fish with clove oil and then performing Ike Jime simply makes it taste better. WIN! Dave and Nils were pretty happy.
Ike Jime and clove oil:Â 1. Western head bashing: 0.Â Â
Distillation, Rotary Evaporation and Apples
When McGee was talking about distillation we pulled out the rotary evaporator cause its the only way we distill.Â Yes, we finally have the rotary evaporator up andÂ running again! (After spending more than $500 in parts we lost at Star Chefs.)Â Rotary evaporation is a specialized form of distillation thatÂ works gently at low temperatures to preserve flavors.Â Read about it here. Dave used it to re-distill bourbon.Â When you re-distill bourbon you keep its aroma and flavor but get rid of all the harsh non-volatile oak compounds.Â We love those compounds normally, but they would have messed with the cocktail that Dave and Nils were planning to make.
They had juiced and clarified a case of their favorite apples, Ashmead’s Kernel.Â Ashmead’s Kernel and re-distilled bourbon is a match made in heaven. You have the crisp and tart flavors of the apple, mixed with the goodness of the bourbon, without the throaty oak. Dave talks about the apple and the drink here.Â I thinkÂ it was the most interesting cocktail of the class (and there were many). On day 2Â Dave and Nils had made some kick-ass cocktailsÂ with two other coolÂ varieties of apples that we love: Wickson and Honeycrisp.Â Both were clarified, mixed with gin and slushed out with liquid nitrogen.Â Same cocktail, different apples, very different flavors.Â I hate gin, but I could probablyÂ pound those cocktails all night.
Although rotary evaporation is fairly new, McGee pointed out that distillation goes back to 3500 BC. For those of you who don’t have a rotary evaporator at home, try doing it the old-school way.Â Cover a pot of your favorite alcohol, bring itÂ to a boil, and collect the beads of condensation that drip off on the inside ofÂ your lid. Easy as 123Â and you becomeÂ aÂ felon (distillation is illegal).Â I did it at home with popcorn and water.Â The stuff that dripped off the lid tasted a lot like popcorn.Â Cool, easy, AND legal.
Corked Wine and Plastic Wrap
Corked wine is any wine that has been contaminated with TCA (2,4,6-Trichloroanisole). This molecule is found in some corks and can be transferred from cork to bottle, making your wine smell like wet dog, moldy towels, or wet cardboard.Â Here’s a good trick before you dump the whole bottle:Â Pour the wine into bowl or carafe, ball up some plastic wrap, and let it sit for a few minutes.Â The TCA moleculeÂ is chemically similar to the polyethylene in the plastic wrap,Â and sticks to the plastic.
We didn’t have any corked wine, so test this, McGee poured some Pernod into two different containers (PernodÂ and otherÂ anise flavored alcohols have flavor compounds chemically similar to TCA).Â He put some balled up some plastic wrap in one, waited, and passed both containers around the class.Â The Pernod with the plastic wrap hadÂ lost most of itsÂ TCA-likeÂ aroma compounds.
Gymnemic Acid and Miraculan
The third morning started off with a real kick to the mouth.Â We tricked everyone’s tastebuds with gymnemic acid (the substance itself tastes like licking the bottom of a rabbit cage; don’t ask us how we know this) and miraculin. Gymnemic is a sweetness killer, miraculin makes sour things taste sweet.Â We disgusted everyone first, and then we ruined everyone’s tooth enamelÂ with limes.Â Â Check out Dave’s write-up here.
For the past few weeks we’ve beenÂ working long and hardÂ toÂ find theÂ way to makeÂ the mostÂ delicious burgers on the planet.Â We’ve almost got it. With a combination of reduced beef jus, butter, a circulator and a deep fryer, we’reÂ almost readyÂ toÂ reveal our secretÂ recipe forÂ the best damn burgers in the city. But you’ll just have to wait .